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Mold is found both indoors
as well as outdoors and is a very simple microscopic organism.
Mold breaks down dead material and requires a food source such as
moisture to grow. Since it reproduces at such high rates, it gradually
destroys whatever it grows on.
Mold growth on surfaces can be found due to discoloration, usually
green, gray, brown, or black, but can also be found in almost any
Mold spores can be found in the air of a home, which mostly come from
outdoor sources. Mold spores in the home can cause health problems
by inhaling the fungus. Indoor molds mostly come from flooding, leaky
roofs, plumbing, overflow, humidifiers, etc.
There is great concern with mold problems in your home. If left untreated,
mold spores can cause allergies or other serious health problems.
Symptoms of Mold Exposure:
Mold growth can cause damage to furnishings (such as carpets, sofas
and cabinets). With time, mold can cause structural damage to your
- Respiratory problems (wheezing, shortness of breath)
- Nasal and sinus congestion
- Eye, nose and throat irritation
- Dry, hacking cough
- Skin rashes or irritation
- Asthma attacks
- Chronic fatigue
- Memory loss
types of molds:
Stachybotrys is a toxic mold that lingers in all 50 states and can
be a deadly mold. Having an infection with Stachybotrys “is
like having a bad cold that doesn’t go away” (Dr. Dorr
Studies have shown that Stachybotrys can be linked with infant pulmonary
hemorrhaging which can be fatal.
Stachybotrys can lead to cough, sore throat, memory loss, seizures,
dizziness, respiratory infection, asthma attacks, headache, chronic
fatigue and blindness.
A gelatin like material obtained from seaweed and used to prepare
culture media on which microorganisms are grown. Also used for
electrophoresis of DNA and RNA.
causes a hypersensitivity or allergic reaction.
Microscopic organisms living in soil, water, organic matter, plants
and animals. These prokaryotic organisms don't have a distinct
nucleus, are single-celled, and lack photosynthetic abilities.
An aerosol comprising particles of biological origin/activity
or is itself a living organism, which may affect living things
causing infection, allergies, toxicity, or other. Particle sizes
may range from aerodynamic diameters of ca. 0.5 to 100 microns.
Examples of bioaerosols are fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoa,
pollen, animal dander, insect emanations, microbial endotoxins,
and human skin scales.
- Chain of Custody:
Written form that contains fields for reporting, billing (optional),
sample identification and analysis request. This form must be
accompanying samples to be analyzed by a laboratory. This form
is particularly important if litigation becomes involved.
number of individual cells or organisms of a given species growing
on the surface of a solid medium that usually can be seen with
the naked eye.
complex structure that some types of mold spores grow out from.
It is somewhat analogous to a flower in plants where the spores
would be analogous to seeds. Differentiation between Aspergillus
and Penicillium requires the presence of their conidiophores.
Harmful substances (toxins) that are produced by many gram-negative
bacteria. Endotoxins are characterized for being contained within
the cell wall that produce them, or are integral constituents
of cellular structure and are not released until the cell disintegrates.
Diffusible toxins produced by certain gram-positive bacteria (and
occasionally gram-positive bacteria). Exotoxins are present in
the filtrates of growing cultures in which no appreciable autolysis
Individuals whose immune systems are weakened and susceptible
to opportunistic pathogens, including but not limited to those
with AIDS, certain cancers, the very old, the very young, or those
undergoing immunosuppressive drug therapy.
identification chararcteristics based only on form and appearance
such as "clear and round." When a better identification
is not possible, morphology can sometimes place a spore into a
certain broader category while excluding it from others. For example,
"Brown, round" tends to point to the Myxomycete / Smut
/ Periconia group of spores while excluding it from various other
important groups like Stachybotrys and Aspergillus/Penicillium.
In the same respect, Aspergillus and Penicillium spores generally
have the same morphology and can only be distinguished by the
morphology of the conidiophore (when it is present).
disease caused by fungus.
- Opportunistic Pathogen:
causes infections only when the weak or injured condition of the
person gives the agent opportunity to infect; rarely infect patients
who are otherwise healthy.
A poisonous substance that is a specific product of the metabolic
activities of a living organism and is usually very unstable,
notably toxic when introduced into cells, tissues or the entire